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The latest application of nonwovens in the field of clothing
Aug 08, 2017

At present, the application of non-woven fabrics in clothing is mainly concentrated in the field of non durable clothing, and the application of durable clothing is rarely reported.

Nonwovens have been widely used in non durable clothing, such as spunlace medical protective clothing, PP disposable spunbonded protective clothing and SMS medical protective clothing, etc.. At present, the development of new products in this field includes two aspects: first, the new development of existing materials in the field of clothing applications; two, the development of new non-woven fabrics.

Non durable non-woven fabric

SMS is a non-woven composite products of spunbond and meltblown, has the advantages of high strength, good filtering performance, without adhesive, non-toxic, has played an important role in the field of medical and industrial filter materials, recent application is the use of SMS ventilation, no fiber dust, prevent human body characteristics of particle exchange with the outside world. For the pharmaceutical, bio engineering, optoelectronic processing, electrical components and chips need highly clean production environment. Spunbonded nonwoven fabric is composed of high strength of continuous filament, the disposable protective clothing market occupies a large proportion, the latest developments in spunbonded non-woven fabric production process by adding special additives or finishing, making products with flame retardant, antistatic, anti radiation, moisture, hydrophobic antibacterial, thermal function.

In the development of new fiber, water soluble non-woven fabric is a kind of environmental protection product, and its application scope is gradually expanding. Spunlace non-woven fabric made of polyvinyl alcohol water soluble fiber is a good material for making radiation protection and anti pollution clothing. In order to increase the protection effect, it can also be compounded with water soluble film to increase barrier property of protective clothing. In addition, in the use of new fibers, foreign countries have also developed in the non-woven fabric production process by adding super absorbent fiber (SAF) technology. This non-woven fabric containing SAF has a very good soft feel and water absorption performance, it is used as underwear, it can absorb sweat easily, and increase the micro environment comfort between clothing and human body.

In the development of a new type of composite nonwoven material, the United States has developed a new type of cotton fiber composite non-woven fabric, the surface layer of cotton and polypropylene fiber thermal bonded nonwoven fabric, and nonwovens composed of two layers or three layers of composite material, and the products feel pure cotton knitted fabric, has good strength and elongation, water absorption and the water retention, wicking speed, pilling performance small, after finishing, elongation of 50% at the instant of the elastic recovery rate can reach 83% ~ 93%, suitable for the production of medical gowns and disposable underwear. In addition, a new generation of military developed biochemical protective clothing, make full use of woven and knitted non-woven fabric and three kinds of advantages, outer protective clothing is tear resistant nylon / cotton poplin, after water repellent treatment; lining for non-woven fabric with activated carbon; the innermost layer is tricot warp knitted fabric. Compared with the existing protective clothing, the clothing provides special chemical protection for soldiers, increases the portability of the clothes, reduces the cost, and can withstand at least 3 washings.

Durable non-woven fabric

Because there are gaps in the fabric drape, elasticity, tensile properties, opacity and pilling of fabrics and clothing requirements, and the lack of certain artistic in appearance, so it is used for durability garments have considerable difficulty. However, non-woven fabric with hard edges and slippage, directly involved in the design, do not need to hem the characteristics of ironing and seaming clothes, this difference in woven and knitted fabrics. It is good for non-woven fabrics, sewing process simple advantages, many scientific research personnel and enterprises have the courage to face the risk of product development. In recent years, the focus of research has been focused on how to improve the drape, wear resistance, elasticity and resilience of non-woven fabrics, so as to make them suitable for durability fabrics.

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